If quotation ends the sentence place parenthetical reference at end including page reference; If a year must begin a sentence.
Always spell out simple fractions and use hyphens with them.
Starting a sentence with a number chicago style. Of the 500 cats in the study, 17% refused to play with the research toys. As the title of the first book suggests, but can i start a sentence with “but”? Decimal quantities are considered to be plural;
Begin a sentence with an acronym only if there is no reasonable way to rewrite it. So write “0.8 miles” but “eight tenths of a mile.”. For technical content, chicago style suggests using numerals with the percent sign.
Use numerals for other numbers, unless the number starts a sentence. Or in all, 110 candidates were accepted. The chicago manual of style, our preferred guide, says that in nontechnical writing, we should spell out “whole numbers from one through one hundred, round numbers, and any number beginning a sentence” (380).
For decimal forms, only the number one is singular: For example, news style says to use numerals for figures greater than nine unless that number begins a sentence, but makes an exception to that exception when the number happens to be a year. Once you add a decimal, even if it’s a.
Decades are either spelled out or expressed with numerals, e.g., the nineties or the 1990s. Ap style permits mixing words and numerals in a sentence with multiple numbers, so four to 10 seconds would be fine, although there's definitely a case for going with four to ten for consistency in that situation (depending on how closely you want to. If a journal, particularly an online journal, opts to use continuous pagination based off of a unique citation id number and the downloaded pdfs of individual articles are each paginated starting with the number 1, then the proper way to cite individual page numbers within your manuscript would be to cite the citation id number plus page number.
Sometimes, inserting a short descriptive word before the number is a quick fix. Decades are either spelled out or expressed with numerals, e.g., the nineties or the 1990s. Starting a sentence with a number written in figures is an unpopular style, and most writers try to avoid it.
Whichever form you choose, be consistent. Any number beginning a sentence and round numbers (hundreds, thousands, etc.) 2. » general principles 9.5 number beginning a sentence when a number begins a sentence, it is always.spelled out.
In nontechnical contexts, chicago advises spelling out whole numbers (cardinal and ordinal) from zero through one hundred. While fierro, moreales, and alvarez (2011) found that no variables regarding the consumption of alcohol or illicit drugs associated with the experiences of being only a victim. In the first example, some writers.candidates were accepted.
A mixed fraction can be expressed in figures unless it is the first word of a sentence. Numbers spell out whole/round numbers one through one hundred. To avoid awkwardness, a sentence can often be recast.
Put the note number at the end of the sentence where the reference occurs, even if the cited material is mentioned at the beginning of the sentence. Never begin a sentence with a lowercase abbreviation. The note number goes after all other punctuation.
Brings together the best of the chicago style q&a. Starting a sentence with a number chicago style. The chicago manual of style guide:
For example, “the population grew from an A number of traditional honorifics and initials continue to be used, such as mr., mrs., ms., dr., a.m., inc., ltd., and j. Quantities expressed as fractions are considered to be singular.
All numbers must be numeral. The best way to avoid a number at the start of a sentence is to reword the sentence. We expect a 5 1/2 percent wage increase.